What Do $100 Billion Of Ponzi Bonds Mean?
So Italian banks have issued about $100 billion of these ponzi bonds and even in this day, that is a big number.
Banks issue bonds to themselves. Then they get an Italian government guarantee. Then they take those bonds to the ECB and get money, which I assume they use to pay down other debt mostly.
The Italian banks and Italian sovereign debt markets are essentially becoming one and the same.